Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) the nervosa often referred to simply as anorexia is an eating disorder that is characterized by a slim body and a fearful attitude towards losing weight, and a misguided sense of the weight. People suffering from anorexia put a lot of emphasis on controlling their weight and body shape by making extreme efforts, which can negatively impact their lives.
To stop weight gain or to keep losing weight, sufferers of anorexia typically limit the quantity of food they consume. They can control their calorie intake through vomiting following meals or by misusing laxatives, diuretics, diet aids or Enemas. They could also seek to lose weight through doing a lot of exercise. Whatever weight is shed the individual continues to worry about the weight gain.
Anorexia isn’t just about food. It’s a very unhealthy and often life-threatening method to manage mental issues. When you’re suffering from anorexia you frequently associate thinness with self-worth.
Anorexia, just like other eating disorders can cause a lot of disruption to your life and is extremely challenging to conquer. Psychiatrists in my area With treatment, however, you can get more clarity about your identity, return towards healthier habits of eating, and overcome some of the serious issues.
Symptoms of Anorexia
The physical symptoms and signs of anorexia are linked to hunger. Anorexia can also cause psychological and behavioral issues that result in an inaccurate perception of body weight , and an extreme anxiety about gaining weight or becoming overweight.
It can be difficult to identify indicators and signs because what constitutes body weight loss is different for every individual. Some people might not appear to be extremely thin. People with anorexia may hide their thinness, their eating habits or physical ailments.
Physical symptoms and signs of anorexia can be:
- Weight loss that is extreme or not achieving the weight gains expected for developmental growth
- The appearance is thin
- Blood counts that are abnormal
- Affright or dizziness
- Discoloration of the fingers that appears as a blur.
- Hair that becomes thin, breaks , or disappears
- Soft, fluffy hair that covers the body
- Abdominal pain and constipation
- Skin that is dry or yellowish
- Intolerance to cold
- Unusual heart rhythms
- Low blood pressure
- A swelling of the legs or arms
- Calluses and eroded teeth on the knuckles are the result of vomiting
Anorexics may are known to purge and binge, which is like those with bulimia. However, people who suffer from anorexia typically have an extremely slim body, whereas people with bulimia tend to be normally to over normal weight.
Behavioral and emotional symptoms
The behavioral signs of anorexia could include efforts to lose weight via:
- Limiting food intake severely by fasting or dieting
- Doing too much exercise
- Self-induced vomiting and binge eating to rid oneself of food, this may involve the recourse to laxatives, enemas or herbal supplements or diet aids.
The signs and symptoms could be:
- A heightened interest in food that can include the preparation of elaborate meals for guests but not eating them.
- Most often, people skip meals or refuse to take a meal
- Refusal to eat or creating excuses for eating less
- Consuming only a handful of “safe” foods, usually ones with a low fat content and calories
- Obeying rigid eating or meal rituals, for example, drinking food after eating
- Unwilling to eat out in the public
- Refuting to disclose the amount of food that has been consumed
- A fear of gaining weight can be a result of weighing or taking measurements of the body
- Regularly checking the mirror to spot flaws that you may have noticed.
- Being fat and complaining about it or having areas of your body that are overweight
- In layers of clothes
- The mood is flat (lack of emotions)
- Social withdrawal
- Sex is a subject of less interest
Causes of Anorexia
The precise reason for anorexia is not known. As with other illnesses it’s most likely a result of a combination of psychological, biological and environmental causes.
- Biological. Although it’s not yet known what genes are at play it is possible that there are genetic modifications that put some individuals more susceptible to diagnosed with anorexia. Some individuals may be genetically incline to perfectionists, sensitivity, and perseverance — all of which are related to anorexia.
- Psychology. Some people with anorexia may exhibit obsessive-compulsive characteristics that help them to adhere to strict diets, and to avoid food, even though they’re hungry. They might have an intense desire to be perfect and believe they’re not slim enough. Additionally, they might suffer from anxiety-related issues and may engage in restrictive eating to lessen it.
- Environment. Modern Western culture is one that emphasizes the thinness of people. It is commonplace for success and self-worth to associated with being thin. Pressure from peers may drive the desire to be thin, especially in young girls.